Rosa Damascena Rose Essential Oil

rose essential oil

Rosa Damascena, commonly known as Damask rose, is one of the most highly prized and extensively used aromatic plants for its essential oil. Renowned for its opulent scent and numerous potential benefits, the essential oil derived from Rosa Damascena has roots in ancient history and remains relevant in the modern-day essential oil industry.

History and Origin

Rosa Damascena

Native to the Middle East and South Asia, Rosa Damascena is believed to have been first cultivated in ancient Persia (now Iran). The essential oil, referred to as “Attar of Roses” or “Rose Otto,” has an extensive history dating back centuries and has been widely used in traditional medicine, cosmetics, and perfumery.

In ancient times, the Greeks and Romans adored its scent, while in the Middle Ages, it was highly valued by European royalty. The production of Rosa Damascena essential oil reached a milestone when Avicenna, an influential Persian scholar and physician, pioneered the steam distillation method of extracting the oil during the 10th century.

How It’s Made

To produce Rosa Damascena essential oil, fresh rose petals are steam distilled – either through a hydro-distillation process or supercritical CO2 extraction. Steam distillation is the most commonly used method for obtaining the delicate and exquisite essence of the Damask rose.

Approximately 4,000 pounds of petals are required to produce a single pound of oil, contributing to its high price and exclusivity. Notable regions for quality Rosa Damascena oil include Bulgaria, Turkey, and Iran, where the roses are hand-harvested during the early morning hours to maximize their fragrance.


Rosa Damascena essential oil is known for its complex yet harmonious scent profile, presenting a lush, floral aroma with spicy and sweet undertones. Its chemical composition includes numerous beneficial components such as citronellol, geraniol, linalool, and nerol, which are associated with various potential therapeutic properties.

Common properties of Rosa Damascena essential oil include:

  • Antidepressant
  • Antispasmodic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antioxidant
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Astringent
  • Toning
  • Sedative


Skin Care

Rosa Damascena essential oil is popular in skin care formulations due to its potential anti-inflammatory and astringent properties. It may help soothe skin irritations, tighten pores, and maintain balanced skin. Additionally, its antioxidant content may provide an added layer of protection against environmental stressors.

Health Benefits

When used in aromatherapy, Rosa Damascena essential oil may help alleviate stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as promote relaxation and a sense of well-being. Some studies also suggest that the oil may have potential benefits in managing menstrual discomfort and supporting hormone regulation.

Home Remedies

Rosa Damascena essential oil can be integrated into various home remedies and DIY projects, such as room sprays, massage oils, bath soaks, and soothing skin creams.

Current Industry Trends and Innovations

In recent years, the demand for natural and eco-friendly products has significantly influenced the essential oil industry. Innovative uses of Rosa Damascena essential oil include incorporating it as a natural fragrance in candles, air fresheners, and eco-friendly cleaning products. The culinary industry is also exploring Rosa Damascena essential oil as a natural food flavoring.

Additionally, advances in extraction technologies, such as supercritical CO2 extraction and molecular distillation, are enabling producers to create higher-quality essential oils with improved safety profiles. In the future, these innovations may continue to drive the industry forward and expand its reach even further.


Rosa Damascena essential oil has a long and venerable history and remains highly sought-after today. Its exquisite scent and numerous potential benefits make it an invaluable part of the modern essential oil industry, with applications in both health and skin care, as well as home remedies. The current industry trends are also driving innovation and allowing producers to create more sustainable solutions for a variety of purposes. It’s Rose Damascena oil has exceptional quality and an affordable price!

Overall, Rosa Damascena essential oil is an irreplaceable part of traditional wisdom that continues to be leveraged for its vast potential benefits.

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