Citronella Oil : A Comprehensive Guide

citronella plant
citronella oil

Citronella oil from the plan (Cymbopogon winterianus) is a widely known essential oil derived from the plant species in the Cymbopogon genus. The citrusy, fresh scent and a variety of uses have contributed to its popularity in the field of aromatherapy, health, and home remedies. This report delves into the historical uses, scientific properties, and interesting facts surrounding Citronella essential oil. In addition, this guide will discuss industry trends and innovative applications of this versatile essential oil.

Origin and Production

Citronella originates from South and Southeast Asia, primarily Sri Lanka, Java, and Indonesia. It is a tall, perennial grass that bears a strong resemblance to lemongrass. The essential oil is extracted from the leaves and stems of the plant using a method called steam distillation. The process involves passing steam through the plant material, which releases the essential oil. The oil is then collected after the vapor condenses.

Historical Uses

Citronella has been used for its medicinal and therapeutic properties since ancient times. Traditional Chinese medicine and Indian Ayurveda recognized its potential as an effective natural remedy. Some of its historical uses include:

  1. Insect repellent: Citronella has long been known for its ability to repel insects, especially mosquitoes. It is often used in candles, sprays, and lotions to prevent insect bites.
  2. Antimicrobial: Citronella oil was traditionally used to inhibit the growth of fungi, bacteria, and other harmful microorganisms. It was applied to wounds and infections to speed up the healing process.
  3. Aromatherapy: The calming scent of Citronella was inhaled to help with stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders.
  4. Pain relief: Traditional healers used Citronella oil to reduce muscle and joint pain, as well as inflammation caused by various conditions.

Scientific Properties

Citronella oil contains several key compounds that are responsible for its numerous therapeutic benefits, such as citronellal, geraniol, and citronellol. These compounds possess the following properties:

  1. Antimicrobial: Citronella oil has proven to be effective in inhibiting the growth of bacteria, fungi, and parasites due to its antimicrobial properties.
  2. Anti-inflammatory: Research has shown that Citronella essential oil can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.
  3. Insect repellent: The compounds present in Citronella oil are known to be effective in repelling insects, particularly mosquitoes.
  4. Antioxidant: Citronella oil exhibits antioxidant properties, which help neutralize free radicals and prevent cellular damage.

Possible Side Effects

While Citronella oil is generally considered safe, some individuals may experience side effects. It is essential to dilute the oil with a carrier oil before application, as undiluted Citronella oil may cause skin irritation or contact dermatitis. It is also not recommended for use on infants and pregnant or nursing women. Individuals with sensitive skin should conduct a patch test before using Citronella oil.

Current Industry Trends and Innovative Uses

Citronella essential oil has experienced a surge in popularity due to the growing interest in natural remedies and eco-friendly products. Some innovative uses for the oil include:

  1. Natural perfumes: Citronella oil is used in the formulation of natural, eco-friendly perfumes.
  2. Insect repellent: Citronella oil is a popular natural insect repellent and is used in bug sprays, candles, and other products.
  3. Air freshener: The fresh scent of the oil can be used to deodorize a room or living area.
  4. Shampoo and conditioner: Citronella oil is also used in the formulation of some natural shampoos and conditioners.
  5. Citronella oil has many beneficial properties, but as with any essential oil, it should be used with caution. It should not be ingested or applied directly to the skin without being diluted first.
  6. Citronella oil can also be used in other ways such as aromatherapy, for cleaning products, and as a topical treatment for minor skin ailments such as dryness and itching. With its many uses, citronella oil is becoming increasingly popular for its natural approach to personal care.
  7. When using citronella oil in your products, be sure to follow the directions on the product label and check with your healthcare provider before use. Citronella oil can be a great addition to your personal care routine as long as it is used safely and correctly.

How to use Citronella Oil


Diffusers or Oil Burners

Using citronella oil for aromatherapy at home is easy and convenient. First, obtain an oil burner or diffuser and fill it with about 10-15 drops of citronella oil. Place the diffuser in a room where you will be spending most of your time. The scent of the citronella oil will naturally travel throughout the house as you move from one room to another.
To further enhance your aromatherapy experience, consider adding a few drops of lavender or peppermint essential oils into the mix. You can also add a few more drops of citronella oil every couple hours or so to keep the scent going for longer periods of time. Enjoy!

Toilet Roll or Paper

More suitable for confined spaces add 4 – 5 drops on a folded piece of tissue or on the brown tissue roll. It will absorb and diffuse the smell throughout the room.

Insect Repellent

To use as a daily insect repellent mix 10% of Citronella Oil with 90% of carrier oil such as MCT. That is 1mL of Citronella oil with 9mL of carrier oil.

When using this spray, apply it to fabrics, surfaces.

For skin applications, no more than 5% of citronella should be used along with carrier oil.
However, it’s important to conduct a skin patch test to check for any sensitivity or allergic reactions.

For a more intricately delightful fragrance and enhanced effectiveness as an insect repellent, blend Citronella with either Lemongrass or Rose Geranium or all 3!

Citronella Oil (Indonesia) – Food Grade 10mL


Citronella Oil 10mL Citronella from Indonesia, scientifically known as Cymbopogon winterianus, is a renowned tropical grass species native to the lush landscapes of Southeast Asia. βœ…100% Pure Citronella Essential Oil βœ… Food Grade βœ… 100% Natural ❌ Dilution ❌ Mixture 10+ Certifications, Declarations & Conformations

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